Anti-tank rifles were born at the start of Tech 20 and were effectively dead by the end of it. The first AT rifles were very heavy single-shot, bolt-action rifles firing a heavy bullet at high velocity. During Tech 20, the weight of these rifles and diameter of their ammo went up, until they were bordering on barely man-portable light cannons.
One common misconception of anti-tank rifles is that if one would only slap a telescopic sight on one, it would be a tremendous sniper rifle. This is, in fact, rarely true. Such rifles are designed for the destruction of large targets at relatively short range, and as such suffer from accuracy problems if fired at individuals at long ranges.
As anti-tank rifles lost effectiveness with thickening tank armor, many were adapted to other targets, such as light vehicles, parked aircraft, radar dishes, and bunkers. Some were used in a counter-sniper role.
By late Tech 20, anti-tank rifles were being replaced with recoilless rifles, rocket launchers (bazooka, LAW) and anti-tank guided missiles (Hellfire).
Anti-material rifles, on the other hand, are intended for smaller targets at longer ranges, and frequently do have some value as heavy sniper rifles. The prime example of this is the M82 Barrett.
The 7.92mm Panzerbüchse 39 was unusual among AT rifles, as it fired a relatively small bore bullet stuffed into a heavy machine gun case. It was a single shot, breech loading rifle, fitted with a bipod, carrying handle, and folding shoulder stock (to reduce it's 1.6m length to something more manageable for storage or portability). It weighed only 12 kg. The gun quickly became ineffective vs tanks but was modified into a grenade-launching rifle, with a new barrel fitted with a cup discharger and a grenade launching sight. It continued in this role until the end of WWII, being more accurate than grenades launched from a Mauser rifle (+2 if Aiming using bipod). It fired standard HE and HEAT rifle grenades using a cartridge firing wooden bullets. Stats below are for the 7.92mm cartridge.
Tech 20, Damage 15 (AP 2), Ammo 1, Range 100/300/600, Price 2500 (17), Bulky
The long (2m) Russian PTRS-41 rifle used the same ammunition as their 14.5mm heavy machine gun. Fairly heavy (17kg), it used a bipod. After it was taken out of the AT role, it was used heavily in more general anti-material duties A few were still being used at Tech 23 by scattered groups in Africa and the Middle East.
The PTRD-41 was similar in game terms, but was a semi-automatic rifle that used a five round magazine. It was also unreliable, a roll of 1-2 indicating a malfunction.
Tech 20, Damage 17 (AP 4), Ammo 1, Range 100/300/750, Price 3500 (18), Bulky
The Finnish 20mm Lahti L-39 was one of the largest AT guns used (50 kg and 2.2m long), but one of the most effective. Unlike other AT rifles, it was accurate to a long range and was later used against flying aircraft (mounted on a tripod) and snipers. it had two sets of bipods, one for hard ground and the other for soft ground (including snow). The L-39/44 was capable of automatic fire (Short Burst).
Tech 20, Damage 22 (AP 4), Ammo 5, Range 100/500/1k, Price 7500 (20)
The Yugoslavian Zastava M93 Black Arrow bolt-action rifle is in use with a dozen counties, mostly in southeast Europe and the Middle East, as well as Georgia and Indonesia. It comes with a telescopic sight and bipod, and can be ordered in 12.7mm NATO or 12.7mm Russian. The rifle weighs 17 kg and is 1.7m long.
Tech 22, Damage 16 (AP 4), Ammo 5, Range 100/500/1k, Price 1300 (15), Bulky
The Denel NTW-20 is an unusual South African bolt action rifle that can be chambered for the Russian 14.5mm heavy machinegun round, a proprietary short 20mm round or a medium 20mm round (used in many modern 20mm cannons). It comes with a bipod, telescopic sight, and carrying handle. The rifle can easily be switched between 14.5mm and 20mm short by replacing the barrel, bolt, telescopic sight, and different magazines.While the gun crew could technically perform the change, the two cartridges have different uses so such a change is approved and carried out at a higher organizational level. The 14.5mm round has better range and AP effect, while the 20mm round has a larger warhead, allowing a useful HE effect (Medium Blast). The 20mm medium version can't easily be converted to another cartridge and is single-shot. The NTW-20 can be broken down into two 15 kg loads, including ammunition. Stats below assume the 20mm short cartridge. In 14.5mm, damage is 17 (AP 4) and range 100/600/1.2k. In 20mm medium damage is 22 and range 100/450/900.
India uses a very similar rifle, the Vidhwansak ("the Destroyer"). Unlike the South African version, it's three calibers are 12.7mm NATO, 14.5mm Russian and the 20mm short, and it with proper parts it only takes a minute in the field to switch between any two. The 12.7mm cartridge has the same damage as the 20mm short, but only the 20mm has a useful HE effect.
Tech 23, Damage 16, Ammo 3, Range 100/400/750, Price 8500 (20), Bulky
The Chinese AMR-2 rifle fires the Russian 12.7mm cartridge and is relatively compact for the class (11 kg and 1.4m long). It uses a conventional bolt-action with a detachable box magazine. It comes with a bipod and telescopic sight. For storage, the stock folds up against the receiver.
Tech 22, Damage 16, Ammo 5, Range 200/600/1.2k, Price 1200 (15), Bulky
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